Learning the Swahili Articles is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you practice the subject, the closer you get to mastering the Swahili language. But first we need to know what the role of Articles is in the structure of the grammar in Swahili.
Swahili articles are words that combine with a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun. Generally articles specify the grammatical definiteness of the noun. Examples are "the, a, and an".
UnlikeEnglish, which has only one definite article “the", Swahili has no definite and indefinite articles articlesand does not differentiate things/words according to gender.
For example:Mtu (Person) can either be a man or a woman, Mtoto( child) can be male orfemale.
When we say-Mtu mmoja amekuja( one person has come)- it can be either a man or a woman.
However,there are also specific names for men and women
mwanamme(man)mwanamke(woman), mvulana(boy) msichana(girl)
For thethings, there are not labeled according to gender
Kitabu(book)nyumba( house) – plural Vitabu(books) Nyumba(houses)
You noticethat these are in another class as discussed in the section of nouns. Kitabu (book)is in the class of KI-VI and nyumba is in the class of I-ZI.
So we say:
kitabuni kizuri (a (the) book is good) and in plural vitabu ni vizuri(the books are good)
Nyumba imejengwa(a(the)house has been built) and in plural nyumba zimejengwa( the houses havebeen built)
You notice that in the second example the noun does not change but you can see the pluralin the sentence construction.
Here are some examples:
|English Articles||Swahili Articles|
|the||not normally used|
|a||not normally used|
|one book||kitabu kimoja|
|some books||baadhi ya vitabu|
|few books||vitabu vichache|
As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Articles in Swahili has a logical pattern. Locate the Articles above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Kiswahili.
List of Articles in Swahili
Below is a list of vocabulary where you can use the Definite and Indefinite Articles in Swahili. Try to practice but also memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Swahili vocabulary.
|English Vocabulary||Swahili Vocabulary|
|dinner||chakula cha jioni|
|ice cream||ice cream|
|lunch||chakula cha mchana|
|salad||mchanganyiko wa mboga/matunda|
Definite and Indefinite Articles have a very important role in Swahili, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with the Kiswahili Articles, you might want to check the rest of our Swahili lessons here: Learn Swahili. Don't forget to bookmark this page.